AmericanHort, HRI Recommend Terms for Disease Resistance Claims
AmericanHort and its research foundation, the Horticultural Research Institute (HRI), rely on stakeholder input to drive its focus and efforts, including the recent industry-initiated movement to standardize the terms used as marketing tags on newly released plant material in reference to specific diseases and/or abiotic stresses.
Disease resistance and tolerance to abiotic stresses (such as drought, cold exposure, others) in plants contribute greatly to plant health and ultimately to the success of our industry. As more new plants are anticipated to be released targeting disease and/or abiotic stress management, the industry will be faced with how to best represent these traits to customers and set performance expectations. Often the terms “resistance” and “tolerance” are used interchangeably, and oftentimes resistance is mistakenly thought to equal immunity.
At the request of Industry representatives, AmericanHort led an effort to explore an industry-wide adoption of specific terms to be used in the event of a new plant release when describing disease resistance and/or tolerance to abiotic stresses to help avoid unsubstantiated and misleading claims.
Jean-Marc Versolato, production manager in the Plant Health Department at Bailey Nurseries, participated in the process a commented, “It’s a good idea for the whole industry to use the same words to describe a plant’s response to stress and to clarify the specific pathogen or agent tested. This is useful so that the end customer understands the claim being made, and there is no ambiguity a plant’s resistance or tolerance to a stress. It becomes a truer statement and no longer misleads the customer into thinking a plant is resistant to all sorts of problems.”
A working group made up of the research community and industry breeders advised a set of clear definitions for the terms “immunity,” “high or intermediate resistance,” “susceptibility” and “tolerance” to be used industry-wide going forward.
Disease specifics should be included on marketing claims. For example, a tag on an impatiens plant should state “High Resistance to Impatiens Downy Mildew” as opposed to “High Resistance to Disease.”
Shannon Carmody, Plant Pathologist, Ball Horticultural Company, commented on the process, “The development of downy mildew resistant Impatiens started a conversation internally at Ball Horticultural Company about how to use accurately disease resistance language in breeding, product development, and marketing for ornamental crops. We look forward to working with other industry stakeholders to improve clarity and consistency for our customers.”
AmericanHort encourages all breeders and those involved in new plant introductions within environmental horticulture to follow this guidance.